It is a public celebration of the Church, where the people of God come together for the specific purpose of celebrating Christ sacrifice and proclaiming his Glory. Every celebration of the Mass re-presents the one eternal sacrifice of Calvary. The sacrifice of the Cross happened about two thousand years ago in Jerusalem and because Christ is timeless and His sacrifice is eternal, Christ is the same yesterday, today and forever.
By this belief, we assemble as the body of Christ, his Church to fulfil the Lord’s command to “do this in memory of me” (Luke 22:19). In memorial of his death and resurrection , the Church identifies itself with the saving Sacrifice of Jesus Christ and, nourished by his Body and Blood, in joyful hope looks forward to sharing in the supper of the Lamb in the heavenly kingdom God.
Catholic liturgical life does not lie with priests alone but also with the wholehearted engagement of everyone involved in the celebration of the Holy Eucharist. The way in which we celebrate the Holy Eucharist together is clearly of vital importance to the building up of the local Church. As we gather around the ‘table of the Lord’, our intimate personal connection to the Risen Christ, and a close relationship all Christian brethren in building of faith communities within the universal Church.
1. Introductory Rites,
2. Liturgy of the Word
3. Liturgy of the Eucharist
4. Concluding Rite.
Through the The Liturgy of the Word, God speaks with his people the congregation, opening up to them the mystery of redemption and salvation. The Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of the Eucharist, are closely connected as to form one act of worship. In the word of God, the divine covenant is announced and in the Eucharist the new and everlasting covenant is embodied and renewed.
Priest, deacon, altar servers, lectors, enter the church or designated place for celebration of the liturgy. Upon arrival at the altar, after making a profound bow, the Priest venerates the altar with a kiss and, if appropriate, incenses the cross and the altar. When the entrance song is concluded, the Priest and the faithful, standing, sign themselves with the Sign of the Cross, while the Priest, facing the people, says: In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.
Acknowledgment of sinfulness. followed by requests for God’s mercy and forgiveness.
Ancient hymn of praise in which the Church glorifies God. It is used on all Sundays (outside of Advent and Lent), and at solemn celebrations.
Celebrant expresses the general theme of the celebration in this prayer.
Readings from the Holy Scriptures are proclaimed and reflected upon. On Sundays and major feasts, there are three readings and Responsorial Psalm: Old Old Testament, Psalm, New Testament, and Gospel.
Acclamation of praise to God (Alleluia!), and prepares the Gospel for faithful congregation.
Homily (sermon) is a reflection by the celebrant on the Scripture readings and on the application of the texts in the daily lives of the faithful gathered and their community.
The Nicene creed, recalls and proclaims the fundamental teachings of the Roman Catholic faith.
Prayer of intercession for all of humankind; for the Church, civil authorities, those with various needs, for all peoples, and for the salvation of the world. The celebrant invites all to pray, then the prayers of petition are read and the congregation responds by asking God to hear and to grant their requests.
Gifts of bread and wine are prepared and the Eucharistic Prayer is proclaimed by the celebrant, and the Blessed Sacrament is distributed to the assembly.
The time in the Mass when the bread and wine to be used in the celebration are brought to the celebrant, usually by representatives of the faithful congregation. Offertory song is sung, whille the presentation of gifts to the celebrant and as the altar is prepared for the Liturgy of the Eucharist. The celebrant washes his hands in symbolic cleansing (expression of the desire for inward purification) to prepare himself just as the gifts have been prepared as an offering to the Lord. The celebrant prays over the gift prepared asking that the gifts to be offered be made holy and acceptable in the eyes of the Lord.
The prayer of thanksgiving and sanctification. It is the center and high point of the celebration. During the Eucharistic Prayer, in the real presence of the Lord that the bread and wine become the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.
Preface Dialogue - Introductory dialogue between the celebrant and assembly in which all are invited to join in prayer and thanksgiving to God. The Holy, Holy, Holy The response of the community to the preface and a continuation of the general theme of praise and thanks. Also called the Sanctus.
Consecration - Prayer and blessing during which the bread and wine become the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.
Intercessions - A series of prayers for the Church, the world, the Pope, clergy and laity, and the dead. Final Doxology A final prayer of praise of God.
Amen ("So be it") - Called the Great Amen. It is the acclamation by the faithful congregation expressing their agreement with all that has been said and done in the Eucharistic prayer.
"Our father in Heaven,....", petition for both daily food (Eucharistic bread) and the forgiveness of sins.
Doxology - Response of the people acclaiming the sovereignty of God. "For the Kingdom, the power, and the glory are yours, now and for ever."
Celebrant invites the faithful congregation to express their love and peace with one another.
"Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you." John 14:27
Breaking of the Bread - Celebrant recreates gestures of Christ at the Last Supper when He broke the bread to give to His disciples. The action signifies that in communion the many are made one in the one Bread of Life which is Christ.
Lamb of God (“Agnus Dei ”) - Invocation during the breaking of the bread in which the faithful congregation petitions God for mercy and peace.
Celebrant’s greeting to all present, final blessing and dismissal; followed by a concluding song and concluding procession.
We rise or stand,
We kneel, as human gesture of submission.
2. Bow of the body, a profound bow, is made: towards the altar.
14 When the hour came, Jesus and his apostles reclined at the table. 15 And he said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it finds fulfillment in the kingdom of God.”
17 After taking the cup, he gave thanks and said, “Take this and divide it among you. 18 For I tell you I will not drink again from the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”
19 And he took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me.”
20 In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.